What is the Future of Java Technology?
Over the last few years, the world has raised questions concerning the future of Java. This discussion is necessary because technology has led to the development of other tools that are threatening to outdo Java as we know it. As of now, Java is still the reason behind the increase in the number of developers in the world. This is because Java is very easy to learn, is highly dynamic, offers free learning, and many other factors, which make it popular. According to research, approximately 63.1% of developers across the globe reported continuing to use Java besides other programming languages such as Python, HTML/CSS, and SQL. Currently, the world has 26.2 million developers, and we expect this number to reach 28.7 million by the year 2024. From this projection, Java is still the future and its developers are doing their best to continue making it relevant. Vast companies, such as Microsoft, Google, and Amazon, still take pride in using Java to develop various software development processes. If this is the case then, does this guarantee that Java will still be valid in the future? To answer this question, continue reading our article. It aims to explain the basics of Java, its principal features, and above all, what is its future. So, shall we begin?
What is Java?
In simple terms, Java is a programming language. It was discovered in June 1991 by James Gosling and Patrick Naughton. The primary goal of these two inventors was to come up with a user-friendly and secure programming language that could serve multiple functions. Originally, the idea was to support interactive television but didn’t work as expected because its digital cables did not support Java technology. June 1990 marked the beginning of a never-ending journey of Java versions, making Java a giant in the industry. Java developers have created various editions over the years which all enable developers to code and execute commands written in Java. Each version is unique, although they all have one principal goal, which is programming. These versions include:
- Java Standard Edition (J2 Platform and Standard Edition/J2SE). This is the most basic Java technology and enables developers to create and deploy specific codes within the server and other desktop environments.
- Java Enterprise Edition. This edition contains specific guidelines that developers use in Java SE 8 to reinforce better functionalities.
- Java Micro Edition. This uses portable cables in mobile devices, such as phones, laptops, etc.
- Oracle launched the latest versions of Java in 2020, which include:
- Java 14. This edition has many useful features that replace the traditional ways that Java works. It contains pattern matching, switch expressions, text blocks, etc., tools used to simplify programming.
- Java 15. Also known as JDK 15 and was launched in September 2020. It has the best features compared to Java 14, as most of its features are automated. It is 11.24% faster than version 11 as well.
As of 2021, over 69% of developers worldwide were still using Java despite the stiff competition Java faces. Most of these developers argued Java is dynamic, highly comprehensive, and has wide use in business industries. This makes Java present in almost every aspect of human life in sectors like automotive, retail, finance, and others. Most Android developers still rely on Java, and this means that Java programming will still be very relevant in the future. But how is this possible? To know this, it is critical to analyze key sectors that use Java as their dominant programming language. They include:
Designing Space Rovers and Shuttles
The retail industry is one of the rapidly growing sectors. This growth has been contributed by the selling of high-quality products and improved customer services. Companies like Walmart, Alibaba, and the rest still choose Java over the rest because of its simplicity, security, and platform independence. Programmers from these retail stores use Java to build various types of applications for eCommerce. Java enables these stores to run smoothly, delivering quality services to millions of customers and reaping huge profits.
The Financial Sector
Java programming plays a huge role in the finance sector. Since its introduction decades ago, Java has served millions of customers across the globe, although few people know that. To help you have an idea, let us use a perfect example. If you have ever been to the bank, I’m certain that you know what debit and credit cards look like. These are the cards that enable you to withdraw the cash or use it to make purchases. Java is the technology behind these cards, enabling you to transact the money remotely. The Java Card Runtime Environment, for instance, contains specific rules that define the characteristics of all Java-based smart cards such as Visa and MasterCard. The Java Card API is another specification that defines the framework of Java programming for smart-card applications.
Reasons Java Has a Bright Future
Java is Easy to Learn
Java is Free
Java, unlike many programming languages, is free. This means that any programmer who intends to learn to code and applications development can use Java freely. Most of the programming languages that we have are quite expensive, hence discouraging many potential developers from using them. Java offers various many excellent learning tools that are easy to use when creating software and other applications. This ability to offer free learning materials to the user has made Java popular, and this explains why it is used by over 10 million developers worldwide. For this reason, Java has continued and will continue to be the most-used programming language in the tech world.
Java is Independent
Excellent Documentation Methods
Documentation is an integral part of every programming process. Each programmer must have a good mastery of documentation because one mistake can lead to poor quality of the final application or software. Java has excellent documentation support known as Javadoc. This document teaches you all the tools concerning Java APIs and other tools which play an important role in storing data. Proper storage of information helps developers in various ways, such as keeping track of all important codes of applications, stages involved in developing an application, specific features for each stage, and many others. Coding involves a lot of characters and numbers, which can be difficult to master at once. Again, developing an application or software takes some time and a human brain cannot grasp every number or letter involved in every stage of development. To help prevent poor outcomes, Java offers a secure documentation system that records every stage and stores this data. In case you want to continue creating an application, for instance, you can just go to Javadoc and collect all the details from your last activity and continue. Javadoc offers additional documents for development, maintenance, and knowledge transfer to other developers, something other programming languages don’t offer.
The Bottom Line
Java is one of the best programming languages in the world. Since its discovery in 1991, Java has helped to transform how humanity performs various activities. It is widely used in multiple industries, such as automotive, robotics, android devices, retail, finance, and many others. As technology continues to advance, Java has faced a lot of competition which has put its future into question. Currently, C lang, Abstract, Golang, Python, and Scala are the most popular alternatives to Java and are threatening to outperform its popularity. However, its developers have argued that Java is still relevant and will still be widely used in the market. This is true because some of the great companies in the world, such as Netflix, Tesla, BMV, Walmart, and others, are still using Java to program their software and applications. Java is still very relevant in robotics and NASA space shuttles, and this means that it is indeed a giant in the industry, and it’s here to stay. Despite the competition, Java is very popular among developers because of its outstanding features and usability in the internet of things (IoT). Therefore, Java is going to be around for years because its developers are using its competition to create smart features for the future. To learn more about the future of Java, click here: